CBG 101: Complete Guide to CBG

From CBD to THC—every cannabinoid is proving to offer so much value on some level to us humans. One other cannabinoid is quickly edging its way into the spotlight: CBG (cannabigerol). So, what is this lesser-known cannabinoid, and why should we pay attention? Let’s dive right in to get you formally introduced.

What is CBG?

CBG is another cannabinoid like CBD that is found in plants belonging to the cannabis family. CBG was initially isolated from cannabis in 1964 by Israeli scientists around the same time that THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) was first isolated. In total, there are over 120 cannabinoids known to man, and many are present in cannabis in high concentrations. However, CBG is considered quite minor in prevalence compared to other cannabinoids, but this is perfectly explainable.

CBG is also sometimes referred to as “the mother of all cannabinoids” or even “the stem cell cannabinoid.” This is because the acidic precursor CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) is the primary building block required for all other cannabinoids like CBD and THC. Through the synthesis process as the plant grows, about 99 percent of the CBGA is converted to other cannabinoids. What’s left becomes CBG.


CBG and CBD are both cannabinoids, both found in cannabis-family plants, and both known to offer specific therapeutic qualities. Nevertheless, the two cannabinoids do have quite a few differences. CBD is one of the most abundant cannabinoids found in cannabis, especially hemp. But, without CBGA, there would be no CBD.

When it comes to therapeutic action, CBD has a more indirect effect on the endocannabinoid system and is thought to act as a stabilizer that helps the ECS reach a state of homeostasis. On the other hand, CBG does interact with cannabinoid receptors in the ECS, even though those mechanisms are not completely understood.

What are the benefits of CBG?

CBG is one of the lesser-studied cannabinoids, but the preliminary efforts have brought forth some promising information. This cannabinoid is primarily noted for its neuroprotective properties. However, CBG may also boast other therapeutic actions, such as acting as:

These benefits may be perceivable by ingesting CBD or using it in a systematic way to get it into your bloodstream. Therefore, CBG oil and other CBG-infused ingestible products are the most common. However, CBG also works well as a topical agent, especially when targeting certain parts of the body that are in pain. For example, our CBG Balm is great for targeting sore muscles.

Common Questions About CBG

What is CBG used for?

People use CBG for a few reasons. Some prefer high-CBG products because of the potential for the cannabinoid to support brain health and mental focus or mood. However, many people also the fact that CBG seems to help with some types of pain better than CBD.

Does CBG get you high?

CBG is non-intoxicating just like CBD. CBG may help with your mood, but it will not leave you feeling inebriated or “high” in any way.

Why is CBG more expensive?

CBG is much harder to extract than CBD because there is so little of it. Essentially, it takes a lot more plant matter to create CBG. However, the latest research into CBG has shed light on cultivation processes that can garner higher-CBG amounts. Therefore, the price is starting to stabilize.

Ready to Try CBG?

We may not know a lot about CBG yet, but what we do know is enough to pique interest for sure. If you would like to try the effects of CBG for yourself, check out our CBG Oil Tincture at Elmore Mountain Therapeutics. Our full-spectrum hemp extract gives you 1500mg of CBG and other cannabinoids like CBD to give you the greatest chance of experiencing the full effects.

Written by Ashley Reynolds.